A safe third country is a country in which a person crossing that country could have applied for refugee protection. In Canada, section 102, paragraph 2 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act sets out the criteria for designating a country as a safe third country. The Trump administration`s desire to secure agreements on safe third-country nationals with Mexico and Guatemala is contrary to U.S. and international law to protect asylum seekers. Members of Congress, associations in Mexico, Guatemala and the United States – as well as asylum seekers themselves – know that neither country can offer migrants protection or legal procedure. Whether the rule of law or cruel disregard for human life predominates in this situation is still uncertain. To date, the United States is the only country designated by Canada as a safe third country under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. Historically, two countries have negotiated “safe third country” agreements to better manage the influx of refugees and asylum applications at their borders. This agreement is signed to the extent that both countries can offer asylum to people in distress. This is not the case with the Trump administration`s agreements with Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. Asylum seekers are required to apply in the first country in which they enter, which is a party to the safe third country agreement. Otherwise, the other countries in the agreement can reject their applications and send them back to that country.
The third agreement describes the question of whether assumptions are made as to how it leads to suffering and why individuals should not participate in doing so. If you assume what others think, it can create stress and interpersonal conflict, because the person thinks that his hypothesis is a representation of the truth.  Ruiz believes that one solution to overcome the adoption act is to ask questions and ensure that communication between those involved is clear.  Individuals can avoid misunderstandings, sadness and drama by not taking any assumptions.  Agreements involve the obligation to develop the capacity of the asylum system in these countries, because El Salvador and Honduras (such as Guatemala and Mexico) are unable to offer protection to groups seeking asylum in the United States, the majority of their citizens. Guatemala as a “safe third country”: The Trump administration has reached an agreement with Guatemala on a “safe third country” that would require asylum seekers arriving in the United States via Guatemala to first seek asylum in Guatemala. However, the “tripping of jurisdiction” law should not block the federal courts` challenge to the initial designation of Mexico or Guatemala as a “safe third country”. Lawyers can begin to discuss the arguments of the law on legal, constitutional and administrative procedures in anticipation of a possible agreement with Mexico or Guatemala.
Congress can also monitor the Trump administration`s attempts to block asylum seekers with agreements on safe third-country nationals. Lawyers are now going to U.S. courts, which have the power to decide whether the Trump administration`s action is lawful. For all other countries that could in the future be classified as safe third countries, the European Union has also adopted measures to return asylum seekers to third countries, amid an influx of migrants from Africa and the Middle East. The Dublin Regulation stipulates that asylum seekers must apply in the first EU country where they enter or are at risk of being returned. In 2016, Turkey approved an agreement with the EU on the return of refugees. In 2017, EU countries reached a controversial agreement with the Libyan authorities on the return of asylum seekers detained during the Mediterranean crossing.