Draw The Agreement
Do you have a smart way to remember this rule? Any advice to avoid an error in “contracting”? Share it with us! All matches of the second Piatigorsky Cup were completed by the players with annotations, including the short draw. Their comments followed on two short draws (Spassky against Petrosian and Reshevsky against Portisch), followed by comments on a few other short draws. At the FIDE congress in 1964, the Puerto Rican delegate proposed to give a four-point victory, a two-point draw, a match played and lost and no points for a loss. This would be equivalent to a 3-1-0 system with a one-point penalty for forfeiture. This had already been proposed by Isaac Kashdan, but had not been implemented.  The BAP system was developed by Clint Ballard, a chess enthusiast and president of the software company, who called it the Anti-Draw Point Ballard System (BAP).  Ballard explained the objective of the BAP system: “The usual deluge of the last round tied in almost all tournaments makes chess unthinkable on television. No excitement, no drama, no money on TV for chess. Chess will never succeed in the U.S. television market until we eliminate the draw as something other than a very rare result.
With my anti-draw points system, I hope to make 100% of the games that fight games with risk and uncertainty, that is, the dramatic potential.  A draw after only a few shots (most often before the fight) is called the “Grand Master`s draw.” The name is a false name, because the great masters are not more likely to draw in this way. Some chess players and fans think that short draws or even all draws on dates are bad, but attempts to stop or discourage them have not been effective (Hooper – Whyld 1992). Although draws may be offered at any time, those not described in Article 9.1 may fall under Article 12.6, which states: “It is forbidden to divert or annoy the opponent in any way. This involves claims or offers from a draw. This rule is applied at the discretion of the referee: a player who proposes a draw aloud when his opponent thinks he might be penalized or even lose the match, but it is unlikely that a player will be punished if he proposes a draw in a lifeless position, for example, if it is not his turn to move (Schiller 2003:26-27.30). The 3-1-0 scoring system awards three points for a win, one point for a draw and no points for a loss. This system scares in a tie, with draws worth only two-thirds of their previous value. It was adopted by FIFA for football matches in 1994, after many leagues around the world successfully used it to reduce the number of draws. In the past, FIFA used the 2-1-0 scoring system, which corresponds to the one used today in chess: one point for a win, half a point for a draw and no point for a loss. A 3-1-0 system was first used in the 2003 chess tournament in Lippstadt and again at the Bilbao chess tournament in 2008.  A “grandmaster” is a kind of draw after a small number of moves, usually between top players.
The British expert P. H. Clarke spoke of the positive aspects of a short draw: practical considerations are sometimes taken into account. In 1977, Viktor Korchnoi and former world champion Tigran Petrosian played a 12-game quarter-final to determine the challenger for the 1978 World Cup. After 11 games, Korchnoi led by one point, so he only needed a draw in the last game to advance to the semi-finals. Korchnoi, in black, won this match, but he offered a draw after 40 shots.  According to Edmar Mednis, he was “soft and practical” (Mednis 1993:206-7). Korchnoi won the World Cup without success against Anatoly Karpov.
The 2005 Sofia tournament used a similar rule known as the “Sofia Rules”.  Players could not draw by mutual agreement, but they could have a draw by deadlock, triple repetition, 50-movement rule and insufficient equipment